Types of Self-Care Recommendations Given for Adults With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Attending a Diabetic Clinic in a Selected Teaching Hospital, Sri Lanka

Posted: 6 Dec 2019

See all articles by MAR Saumika

MAR Saumika

Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura

AATD Amarasekara

Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura

Date Written: December 4, 2019

Abstract

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is a global health problem and a significant issue in Sri Lanka. Health education on diabetes self-care activities for patients with T2DM is an essential part of the clinical management of diabetes. There is a paucity of data regarding the types of self-care recommendations given by healthcare professionals for patients with T2DM in Sri Lanka. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the types of self-care recommendations given by healthcare professionals among purposively selected adults with T2DM (n=300). Data were analysed using descriptive statistics. Ethical approval obtained from the Ethics Review Committees of the Faculty of Medical Sciences and the Sri Jayewardenepura General Hospital. Types of self-care recommendations were assessed by using pre-tested diabetes self- care activities questionnaire, which includes recommendations regarding diet, physical activities (PA) self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) and testing urine for sugar. Out of 300 participants majority (n=206, 68.7%) were female. More than half (n=158, 52.7%) of the participants had good glycemic control (FBS≤ 126 mg/dl). Most of the participants (99.3%) received at least a single recommendation regarding their diet, and recommendation to eat very few sweets. Less than half (39%) adults have received all the recommendations regarding their PA from the list. Majority of adults (73.3%) have received the recommendations to get low-level exercise (such as walking) daily. Of the sample 67% received a recommendation to use a glucometer to self-monitor their blood glucose levels. Self-care recommendations were not significantly associated with glycemic control. The health professionals need to provide more health education, especially regarding their PA to maintain their self-care activities regularly.

Keywords: type 2 diabetes, self-care, recommendations, Sri Lanka

Suggested Citation

Saumika, MAR and Amarasekara, AATD, Types of Self-Care Recommendations Given for Adults With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Attending a Diabetic Clinic in a Selected Teaching Hospital, Sri Lanka (December 4, 2019). Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Multidisciplinary Approaches (iCMA) 2019 | Faculty of Graduate Studies, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3498072

MAR Saumika

Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura ( email )

Sri Lanka

AATD Amarasekara (Contact Author)

Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura ( email )

Sri Lanka

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