Indigenous Rights and Livelihoods as Concerns in the Decision-Making on Extractive Industries in Finland

Hossain et al. (eds.) (2018). Human and Social Security in the Circumpolar Arctic. Leiden: Brill Nijhoff, pp. 263-280.

Posted: 27 Dec 2019

See all articles by Stefan Kirchner

Stefan Kirchner

University of Lapland, Arctic Centre

Date Written: 2018

Abstract

Indigenous peoples often have a particularly close relationship to nature. This is also the case for the indigenous Sámi people. Their homeland, Sápmi, is administered by four countries: Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. Sámi parliaments in the three former countries give the indigenous Sámi a voice in the political and legal process. In Finland, this participation is restricted to a small part of the country, which is recognized as the Sámi home area under Finnish law (although the original Sámi homeland was significantly larger than the area recognized today). Within the Sámi home area, the Sámi Parliament has some participatory rights, for example under the Finnish Mining Act. Extractive industries often have destructive effects on the natural environment and can threaten the livelihoods of indigenous peoples, such as reindeer herding or fishing. In this chapter it will be shown how the Sámi Parliament in Finland can use existing legislation to protect indigenous rights and livelihoods.

Keywords: Indigenous rights, mining, Finland, Sápmi, Sámi, indigenous, Sami Parliament, Mining Act, reindeer, environment

JEL Classification: K33

Suggested Citation

Kirchner, Stefan, Indigenous Rights and Livelihoods as Concerns in the Decision-Making on Extractive Industries in Finland (2018). Hossain et al. (eds.) (2018). Human and Social Security in the Circumpolar Arctic. Leiden: Brill Nijhoff, pp. 263-280., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3498313

Stefan Kirchner (Contact Author)

University of Lapland, Arctic Centre ( email )

P.O. Box 122
Rovaniemi, Lapland 96101
Finland
+358404844001 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ulapland.fi

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