Indigenous Rights and Livelihoods as Concerns in the Decision-Making on Extractive Industries in Finland
Hossain et al. (eds.) (2018). Human and Social Security in the Circumpolar Arctic. Leiden: Brill Nijhoff, pp. 263-280.
Posted: 27 Dec 2019
Date Written: 2018
Indigenous peoples often have a particularly close relationship to nature. This is also the case for the indigenous Sámi people. Their homeland, Sápmi, is administered by four countries: Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia. Sámi parliaments in the three former countries give the indigenous Sámi a voice in the political and legal process. In Finland, this participation is restricted to a small part of the country, which is recognized as the Sámi home area under Finnish law (although the original Sámi homeland was significantly larger than the area recognized today). Within the Sámi home area, the Sámi Parliament has some participatory rights, for example under the Finnish Mining Act. Extractive industries often have destructive effects on the natural environment and can threaten the livelihoods of indigenous peoples, such as reindeer herding or fishing. In this chapter it will be shown how the Sámi Parliament in Finland can use existing legislation to protect indigenous rights and livelihoods.
Keywords: Indigenous rights, mining, Finland, Sápmi, Sámi, indigenous, Sami Parliament, Mining Act, reindeer, environment
JEL Classification: K33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation