Sustainable Investing in Equilibrium
54 Pages Posted: 19 Dec 2019 Last revised: 12 Aug 2020
Date Written: June 4, 2020
We model investing that considers environmental, social, and governance (ESG) criteria. In equilibrium, green assets have low expected returns because investors enjoy holding them and because green assets hedge climate risk. Green assets nevertheless outperform when positive shocks hit the ESG factor, which captures shifts in customers' tastes for green products and investors' tastes for green holdings. The ESG factor and the market portfolio price assets in a two-factor model. The ESG investment industry is largest when investors' ESG preferences differ most. Sustainable investing produces positive social impact by making firms greener and by shifting real investment toward green firms.
Keywords: sustainable investing, socially responsible investing, ESG, social impact
JEL Classification: G11, G12
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