Semi-Supervised Learning Approaches to Class Assignment in Ambiguous Microstructures
26 Pages Posted: 10 Dec 2019 Publication Status: Accepted
Uncovering links between processing conditions, microstructure, and properties is a central tenet of materials analysis. It is well known that microstructure determines properties, but expressing these structural features in a universal quantitative fashion has proved to be extremely difficult. Recent efforts have focused on training supervised learning algorithms to place microstructure images into predefined classes, but this approach assumes a level of a priori knowledge which is not always available. In this paper, we expand this idea to the semi-supervised context in which class labels are known with confidence for only a fraction of the microstructures that represent the material system. It is shown that classifiers which perform well on both the high-confidence labeled data and the unlabeled, ambiguous data can be constructed by relying on the labeling consensus of a collection of semi-supervised learning methods. We also demonstrate the use of novel error estimation approaches for unlabeled data to establish robust confidence bounds on the classification performance over the entire microstructure space.
Keywords: Machine learning, Microstructure classification, Support vector machines, Semi-supervised learning methods, Unsupervised error estimation
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