The Chinese World Order in Historical Perspective: Soft Power or the Imperialism of Nation-States?
44 Pages Posted: 16 Dec 2019
Date Written: December 5, 2019
I seek to grasp the genealogy of China’s Belt and Road (BRI) in relation both to the imperial Chinese world order and the historical sequence of forms of global domination, i.e., modern imperialism, the ‘imperialism of nation-states’ during the inter-war and Cold War period as well as the post-Cold War notion of ‘soft power’. While we may think of BRI as poised uncertainly between the logics of the older imperial Chinese order and the more recent logic impelled by capitalist nation-states, there are significant novelties in the new Chinese order, mostly in relation to debt, the environment and digital technology which constitute new realms of power not easily dominated by a hegemon.
Keywords: BRI, imperialism, Chinese Tribute Order, soft power, imperialism of nation-states, debt, environment
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation