The Slow Motion Train Crash of the Eurozone Monetary Alchemy
St Petersburg University Journal of Economic Studies (2019), vol. 35, issue 3, pp. 360–396.
37 Pages Posted: 12 Dec 2019
Date Written: December 6, 2019
This article is about the potentially losing battle to save the eurozone in the long term. The eurozone, the greatest achievement of the European Union, is losing its glamour and is in danger of losing its appeal as the promise of perpetual prosperity for every participant faded away. The eurozone architecture was created on the grounds that is almost designed to fail. Various policies such as quantitative easing did not help to boost economic growth as the best remedy for economic troubles. Profound federalist-type reforms are necessary if the eurozone is to have a longer-term future. Policymakers have at least two urgent tasks to save the eurozone. First, to relax budgetary rules and to change the mandate of the European Central Bank to add growth and employment to the low inflation policy objective. Second, to introduce belatedly federal instruments such as a common budget, automatic stabilisers (transfers), fiscal and banking unions, system for orderly default, common bonds and a dispute-settlement mechanism. This is a tall order which faces strong political barriers. If the eurozone is dissolved, that would not be the end of the world, the European Union would return to where it was in 1992. Preparations for the post-eurozone Europe are necessary.
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