Explaining Turnover Intention in State Government: Examining the Roles of Gender, Life Cycle and Loyalty

35 Pages Posted: 30 Dec 2019

See all articles by Donald P. Moynihan

Donald P. Moynihan

Georgetown University - McCourt School of Public Policy

Noel Landuyt

University of Texas at Austin

Date Written: January 1, 2008

Abstract

This paper proposes and tests a detailed model of turnover intention on a large sample of State of Texas employees. The paper focuses attention on three particular theoretical issues. First, the results offer support for a life-cycle stability hypothesis, which suggests that age, experience, and geographic living preferences foster a reluctance to change jobs, a reluctance which is compounded by economic/familial constraints for primary wage earners and members of large households. Second, the results show that females are significantly less likely to state an intention to quit, a finding running counter to previous research. We argue that this finding reflects changing patterns of female labor force participation, and the particular advantages that the public sector offers to female employees. Third, the results allow us to distinguish between the relative contributions of three potentially overlapping concepts: organizational loyalty, voice and empowerment, and find that while organizational loyalty and empowerment reduce intent to quit, voice is not a significant predictor of turnover intention. In addition to these findings, the paper provides a detailed test of different human resource management policies, and provides particular support for diversity policies.

Suggested Citation

Moynihan, Donald P. and Landuyt, Noel, Explaining Turnover Intention in State Government: Examining the Roles of Gender, Life Cycle and Loyalty (January 1, 2008). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3500321 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3500321

Donald P. Moynihan (Contact Author)

Georgetown University - McCourt School of Public Policy ( email )

Old North, Suite 100
37th & O Streets NW
Washington, DC 20057
United States

Noel Landuyt

University of Texas at Austin ( email )

2317 Speedway
Austin, TX 78712
United States

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