How Legal and Institutional Environments Shape the Private Debt Renegotiation Process?
62 Pages Posted: 30 Dec 2019
Date Written: December 8, 2019
I investigate how legal and institutional conditions around loan origination influence a private debt renegotiation process. Using a large sample of 15,000 loans on the European credit market, I apply a sequential logit model to consider the renegotiation likelihood, the conditional probability of multiple renegotiation rounds or multiple amended terms, and the renegotiation outcomes conditional on specific loan amendments. I find that legal systems with stronger protection of creditors control rights have a positive influence on renegotiation likelihood and favorable outcomes on amendments to amount or maturity. Stronger legal protection reduces renegotiation likelihood when creditors face potential strategic default by shareholders. The legal and institutional environment has a significant effect on how the initial design of the financial contract impacts the renegotiation process.
Keywords: legal systems, institutional environment, financial contracts, private debt, renegotiation, sequential logit, Europe
JEL Classification: G21, G24, G32, G34
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation