Digital Labour in Central and Eastern Europe: Evidence from the ETUI Internet and Platform Work Survey
51 Pages Posted: 10 Dec 2019
Date Written: December 9, 2019
This working paper presents the results of the ETUI Internet and Platform Work Survey conducted in Bulgaria, Hungary, Latvia, Poland and Slovakia in 2018-2019. The objective is to map the extent of digital labour in central and eastern Europe (CEE) based on the analysis of two types of online sources for generating income: internet work; and its subset, platform work. The researchers did not find evidence that internet and platform work is creating a qualitatively new labour market that encroaches on traditional age and gender segmentation. Neither is it a market of ‘student jobs’. Moreover, the labour market situation of internet and platform workers was somewhat more precarious than that for employed people generally, with a higher incidence of non-standard and fragmented employment.
Keywords: digital economy; sharing economy; crowd work; employment; labour market; precarious employment; gender; Central Europe; Eastern Europe
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