The ECB After the Crisis: Existing Synergies Among Monetary Policy, Macroprudential Policies and Banking Supervision

57 Pages Posted: 12 Dec 2019

See all articles by Nuno Cassola

Nuno Cassola

University of Milan Bicocca - CefES; University of Lisbon - CEMAPRE

Christoffer Kok

European Central Bank (ECB)

Francesco Paolo Mongelli

European Central Bank (ECB); Goethe University Frankfurt

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Date Written: December 12, 2019

Abstract

The prolonged crisis exposed the vulnerability of a monetary union without a banking union. The Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM), which started operating in November 2014, is an essential step towards restoring banks to health and rebuilding trust in the banking system. The ECB is today responsible for setting a single monetary policy applicable throughout the euro area and for supervising all euro area banks in order to ensure their safety and soundness, some directly and some indirectly. Its role in the area of financial stability has also expanded through the conferral of macroprudential tasks and tools that include tightening national measures when necessary. It thus carries out these complementary functions, while its primary objective of pursuing price stability remains unchanged. What are the working arrangements of this enlarged ECB, and what are the similarities and existing synergies among these functions? In the following pages, focusing on the organisational implications of the “new” ECB, we show the relative degrees of centralisation and decentralisation that exist in discharging these functions, the cycles of policy preparation and the rules governing interaction between them.

Keywords: European Central Bank, monetary policy, banking union, banking supervision, financial stability, systemic risks, macroprudential policies, decision-making process

JEL Classification: E42, E58, F36, G21

Suggested Citation

Cassola, Nuno and Kok, Christoffer and Mongelli, Francesco Paolo, The ECB After the Crisis: Existing Synergies Among Monetary Policy, Macroprudential Policies and Banking Supervision (December 12, 2019). University of Milan Bicocca Department of Economics, Management and Statistics Working Paper No. 424, December 2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3502715 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3502715

Nuno Cassola (Contact Author)

University of Milan Bicocca - CefES ( email )

Milan
Italy

University of Lisbon - CEMAPRE ( email )

Lisbon
Portugal

Christoffer Kok

European Central Bank (ECB) ( email )

Sonnemannstrasse 22
Frankfurt am Main, 60314
Germany

Francesco Paolo Mongelli

European Central Bank (ECB) ( email )

Sonnemannstrasse 22
Frankfurt am Main, 60314
Germany

Goethe University Frankfurt ( email )

Grüneburgplatz 1
Frankfurt am Main, 60323
Germany

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