Sudan Revolution: An Exploration Causes and Consequences for Power Struggle and Regime Change

10 Pages Posted: 10 Jan 2020

See all articles by Aina-Obe Shamsuddin Bolatito

Aina-Obe Shamsuddin Bolatito

Islamic University In Uganda, Department of Public Administration ; Sudan University of Science and Technology, Department of Public Administration; Department of Public Administration

Date Written: September 28, 2019

Abstract

Revolution in Sudan has been a popular far-reaching changing phenomenon since the creation of the country in 1956. It has witnessed series of inherited problems and turbulence from the condominium that made up the country. Post independent coalition government faces major issues such as winning agreement on a permanent constitution, stabilizing the south, encouraging economic development, and improving relations with the International Community such as the US and EU member countries.

The inability of the government's to resolve Sudan's many social, political, and economic problems increases the popular discontent caused many anti-government demonstrations in Khartoum leading the path towards the Islamist-supported military takeover led by Omar al-Bashir in 1989. The growing government step-up the process of Islamisation of Sudan through the intellectual architect of the National Islamic Front (NIF), a group of Islamist politicians and intellectuals which took power through a coup in 1989 and, following its evolution into the National Congress Party (NCP), rules till the ousted of Omar al-Bashir . This was a joint operation between Islamist politicians and army officers, led by Omar al-Bashir and Sheikh Hassan al-Turabi (A lawyer by profession and Islamic Scholar) who both sack Prime Minister Sadig al-Mahdi’s chaotic administration.

In January 2005, the Sudanese government and the southern Sudan People’s Liberation Movement signed a historic peace accord and, in the process, laid the foundation for the formation of South Sudan. The Comprehensive Peace Agreement concluded a 21-year civil war between the parties and sought to restore peace in Sudan. Much of the plan addressed South Sudan’s desire for self-governance. The Machakos Protocol, one of six parts to the Agreement, called for a joint government in Khartoum that involved the SPLM, established an autonomous government in the south and required a referendum on the issue of South Sudan’s independence to be held in 2011.

Keywords: Sudan Revolution, Islamist, National Congress Party, Islamist politicians, Omar al-Bashir

JEL Classification: Z18

Suggested Citation

Bolatito, Aina-Obe Shamsuddin, Sudan Revolution: An Exploration Causes and Consequences for Power Struggle and Regime Change (September 28, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3502891 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3502891

Aina-Obe Shamsuddin Bolatito (Contact Author)

Islamic University In Uganda, Department of Public Administration ( email )

Kumi Road
MBALE, EASTERN UGANDA 2555
Uganda

HOME PAGE: http://iuiu.ac.ug

Sudan University of Science and Technology, Department of Public Administration ( email )

Sudan

Department of Public Administration ( email )

Mbale
Mbale
Uganda

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