What's Behind Rising Authoritarianism: Answers from Political Psychology & the Third Reich

7 Pages Posted: 1 Jan 2020

See all articles by Michael Shammas

Michael Shammas

New York University School of Law

Date Written: December 12, 2019

Abstract

Liberty is never more precarious than in uncertain times. From the Great Depression to the Great Recession, from the Peloponnesian War to the so-called War on Terror, harsh times attract harsh measures. Sufficiently frightened, humans become quite willing to trade liberty for security, citizenship for slavery. Although preferring security to liberty makes psychological sense, in our modern world it can backfire. The evolutionary rationale for fear-based traditionalism, the search for certainty in a world fundamentally defined by uncertainty, rebounds — mutates — injecting into the populous what political psychologists call the “authoritarian personality.” This paper examines the rise of the Third Reich to show how economic and political uncertainty has and can undermine liberal democracy.

Keywords: third reich, world war 2, political psychology, terror management theory, adolf hitler, weimar republic, authoritarian personality, political theory, demagogues, causes of war, international relations, history of conflict, inter-state conflict, moral psychology, mass movements, theories of conflict

Suggested Citation

Shammas, Michael, What's Behind Rising Authoritarianism: Answers from Political Psychology & the Third Reich (December 12, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3503164 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3503164

Michael Shammas (Contact Author)

New York University School of Law ( email )

40 Washington Square South
New York, NY 10012-1099
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.civiljuryproject.law.nyu.edu/

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