The Employment Effects of Ethnic Politics

116 Pages Posted: 17 Dec 2019 Last revised: 1 Mar 2021

See all articles by Francesco Amodio

Francesco Amodio

McGill University

Giorgio Chiovelli

Universidad de Montevideo

Sebastian Hohmann

Stockholm School of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: December 2019

Abstract

This paper studies the labor market consequences of ethnic politics in African democracies. Using data from 15 countries, 32 elections, and more than 400,000 individuals, we implement a regression discontinuity design that compares individuals from ethnicities connected to parties at the margin of electing a local representative in the national parliament. Having a local ethnic party politician in parliament increases the likelihood of being employed by 2-3 pp. The available evidence supports the hypothesis that this effect results from strategic interactions between politicians and traditional leaders, the latter being empowered to allocate land and agricultural jobs in exchange for votes.

JEL Classification: J15, J70, O10, P26, Q15

Suggested Citation

Amodio, Francesco and Chiovelli, Giorgio and Hohmann, Sebastian, The Employment Effects of Ethnic Politics (December 2019). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP14170, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3504599

Francesco Amodio (Contact Author)

McGill University ( email )

1001 Sherbrooke St. W
Montreal, Quebec H3A 1G5
Canada

Giorgio Chiovelli

Universidad de Montevideo ( email )

Prudencio de pena 2544
Montevideo, Montevideo 11600
Uruguay
27074461 (Phone)

Sebastian Hohmann

Stockholm School of Economics ( email )

PO Box 6501
Stockholm, 11383
Sweden

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