How Costly to Sell a Company? A Structural Analysis of Takeover Auctions
45 Pages Posted: 8 Jan 2020
Date Written: December 17, 2019
To explain why sellers in takeover auctions limit bidders entry, we structurally measure economic costs incurred by the seller for inviting an additional bidder. Our auction model allows bidders to discount their synergy values when rivals obtain the target companys confidential information, which induces the information cost. We identify the model primitives with unobserved heterogeneity, as confidential information is latent. From a sample of U.S. M&As, we find that the unobserved heterogeneity is critical, bidders lower values by 11.9% for each rival, and the information (operation) cost amounts to 1.3% (4.1%) of the equilibrium deal value for a representative target.
Keywords: Mergers and Acquisitions, Takeover Auctions, Structural Identification and Estimation, Information Cost, Operation Cost
JEL Classification: C57, D22, D44, G34
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation