Reading Comprehension Profile Among Intermediate Pupils: Basis for an Intervention Program
37 Pages Posted: 14 Jan 2020
Date Written: November 18, 2019
Factors in reading have a big effects to the child’s reading comprehension. However, there has been a little investigation of the factors in reading comprehension that explains its results. This study was designed to examine the profile of the respondents in each factors. Factors in reading comprehension is categorized into six (6) namely: Working memory, Vocabulary, Prior Knowledge, Word Recognition, Reading Strategies and Motivation to Read.
This study used the descriptive research method considering that this investigation focuses and describes the profile of the respondents in factors affecting reading comprehension in which was been participated by 99 respondents of Grades IV, V, and VI of Bungtod Elementary School. The survey questionnaire that has been used to evaluate the profile of the respondents was adapted and revised from the study entitled “Assessing Factors Affecting the Students Reading Comprehension” by Habmatu Walga Adaba (2016). The results of the instrument were combined to get the respondents profile in terms of the factors affecting reading comprehension.
The questionnaire is composed of 36 items in all; working memory is composed of 10 items, and vocabulary is composed of 4 items, then prior knowledge is composed of 5 items, moreover word recognition is composed of 4 items, furthermore reading strategies is composed of 6 items , and lastly motivation to read is composed of 7 items.
After the retrieval of the data from the respondents, it was treated as follows: in getting the perception of working memory, vocabulary, prior knowledge, word recognition, reading strategies and motivation to read frequency counts, percentage, and means were used and interpreted accordingly to the scale that has been given.
Based on the profile of the respondents, it was revealed that the factors that got the highest mean of 3.2 is working memory while the factors that got the lowest mean of 2.8 is motivation to read.
Based on the finding of the study it is recommended that pupils may read more learning materials such as books magazines, newspapers, comics, and other printed materials to improve their reading comprehension, so that they may perform better in school. For the parents, they may broaden their understanding about the importance of the profile in reading comprehension among intermediate pupils. It is also a must for teachers to help their pupils to improve their reading comprehension with the use of intervention program.
Keywords: reading comprehension, working memory, vocabulary, reading strategies, word recognition, motivation to read
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation