Multidimensionality of Gender Ideology and Relationships With Gendered Practices: An Exploratory Analysis Across Europe in 2002 and 2012

61 Pages Posted: 30 Jan 2020 Last revised: 31 Jan 2020

See all articles by Heejung Chung

Heejung Chung

University of Kent

Pia Schober

University of Tuebingen; German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)

Date Written: December 1, 2019

Abstract

Many researchers assume a one-dimensionality of gender ideology constructs and/or stability of dimensions across countries and time, yet these assumptions have rarely been tested. WE apply factor analyses on two waves of the International Social Survey Programme in 2002 and 2012, and comparable European countries to test this. Our results show that gender ideologies can be distinguished into distinctive domains that relate to mother’s employment, women’s work, men’s role in the family, and finally women’s breadwinning. These dimensions have be found to be relatively stable across countries and time. Results from regression models investigating different aspects of the gender division of labour suggest that distinguishing dimensions is less important when considering gender ideologies at the individual level but can make a big difference when examining gender culture at the country level.

Keywords: Gender ideology, multidimensionality, cross-European analysis, factor analysis, gender division of labour

JEL Classification: J16, I3

Suggested Citation

Chung, Heejung and Schober, Pia, Multidimensionality of Gender Ideology and Relationships With Gendered Practices: An Exploratory Analysis Across Europe in 2002 and 2012 (December 1, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3505948 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3505948

Heejung Chung (Contact Author)

University of Kent ( email )

Giles Lane
Canterbury, 01227 7640
United Kingdom

Pia Schober

University of Tuebingen ( email )

Wilhelmstr. 19
72074 Tuebingen, Baden Wuerttemberg 72074
Germany

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

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