Daycare Choice and Ethnic Diversity: Evidence from a Randomized Survey

48 Pages Posted: 16 Jan 2020

See all articles by Mongoljin Batsaikhan

Mongoljin Batsaikhan

Georgetown University School of Foreign Service in Qatar

Mette Gørtz

University of Copenhagen, Department of Economics

John R. Kennes

Aarhus University - School of Economics and Management

Ran Sun Lyng

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business

Daniel Monte

Sao Paulo School of Economics - FGV

Norovsambuu Tumennasan

Brown University

Date Written: December 20, 2019

Abstract

Discrimination among individuals is very well documented in the literature, but much less is known about how discrimination is passed down through generations. By designing and conducting a randomized survey to study daycare choices and ethnic diversity, we provide evidence of how biases against ethnic minorities affect parental choices of early childhood education. We asked parents in Copenhagen to choose between two daycares — structured vs. free-play. Each daycare had testimonials from (fictive) parents whose child allegedly attended the daycare, and the survey randomized the names of the testifying parents across the sample. Another novelty of our study is that we are able to capture how discriminatory attitudes towards ethnic minorities interact with preferences for specific teaching styles. In our results we find bias against ethnic minorities among parents who prefer the structured daycare. We validate our results through data on willingness to travel to the preferred daycare, which is higher for parents who prefer the structured daycare when there was an ethnic minority name associated with the free-play daycare.

Keywords: school choice, discrimination and intergenerational transmission

JEL Classification: D15, D63, J15, I24

Suggested Citation

Batsaikhan, Mongoljin and Gørtz, Mette and Kennes, John Robert and Lyng, Ran Sun and Monte, Daniel and Tumennasan, Norovsambuu, Daycare Choice and Ethnic Diversity: Evidence from a Randomized Survey (December 20, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3507520 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3507520

Mongoljin Batsaikhan

Georgetown University School of Foreign Service in Qatar ( email )

Education City
Al Huqoul St
Doha
Qatar

Mette Gørtz (Contact Author)

University of Copenhagen, Department of Economics ( email )

Øster Farimagsgade 5
Copenhagen, 1354
Denmark
+4535323014 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.econ.ku.dk/gortz

John Robert Kennes

Aarhus University - School of Economics and Management ( email )

Room 129, Building 1326
DK-8000 Aarhus C
Denmark
+45 8942 1974 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://econ.au.dk/about-us/people/faculty-vip/kennes-john-robert/

Ran Sun Lyng

Aarhus University - Department of Economics and Business ( email )

Fuglesangs Alle 4
Aarus, 8210
Denmark

Daniel Monte

Sao Paulo School of Economics - FGV ( email )

Rua Itapeva, 474
12° andar, Bela Vista
Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo 01332-000
Brazil
55 11 3799-3727 (Phone)

Norovsambuu Tumennasan

Brown University ( email )

64 Waterman Street
Providence, RI 02912
United States

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