Secular Economic Changes and Bond Yields
62 Pages Posted: 10 Jan 2020 Last revised: 14 Sep 2021
Date Written: March 11, 2020
We build a model for bond yields based on a small-scale representation of the economy with secular declines of inflation, real rate and output growth. Long-run restrictions identify nominal shocks that influence long-run inflation but do not influence the long-run real rate and output growth. These nominal shocks have loadings that can change over time. The results show that, before the anchoring of inflation around the mid-1990s, nominal shocks lifted the output gap and inflation leading to higher yields and a steeper yield curve via higher short-rate expectations and the term premium. The short rate peaked after several quarters, only after the responses of growth and inflation started to decline. With inflation anchored, however, nominal shocks have a short-lived impact on inflation, insignificant impact on output and only a small impact on bond yields via the term premium.
Keywords: Term Structure, Macro-Finance, Secular Changes
JEL Classification: E43, G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation