Gendered Laws

32 Pages Posted: 24 Dec 2019 Last revised: 29 Jan 2020

See all articles by Marie Caitriona Hyland

Marie Caitriona Hyland

World Bank

Simeon Djankov

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE); Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics

Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg

Princeton University; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: January 27, 2020

Abstract

This paper offers for the first time a global picture of gender discrimination by the law as it affects women's economic opportunity and charts the evolution of legal inequalities over five decades. Using the World Bank's newly extended Women, Business and the Law database, the paper documents large and persistent gender inequalities, especially with regard to equal pay and treatment of parenthood. The paper finds positive associations between improvements in the law and several labor market outcomes, and establishes a small, but over time increasing, causal impact of more equal laws on higher female labor force participation.

Suggested Citation

Hyland, Marie Caitriona and Djankov, Simeon and Goldberg, Pinelopi Koujianou, Gendered Laws (January 27, 2020). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 9080. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3507828

Marie Caitriona Hyland (Contact Author)

World Bank

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Simeon Djankov

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics ( email )

1750 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036
United States

Pinelopi Koujianou Goldberg

Princeton University ( email )

22 Chambers Street
Princeton, NJ 08544-0708
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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