Effects over the Life of a Program: Evidence from an Education Conditional Cash Transfer Program for Girls

39 Pages Posted: 24 Dec 2019

See all articles by Esha Chhabra

Esha Chhabra

World Bank

Fatima Najeeb

University of Maryland - College Park

Dhushyanth Raju

World Bank

Date Written: December 19, 2019

Abstract

While most evaluations of education programs in developing countries examine effects one or two years after a program has been introduced, this study does so over an extended duration of a program. Administered in Punjab, Pakistan, the program offers cash benefits to households conditional on girls' regular attendance in secondary grades in government schools. The study evaluates the evolution of the program's effects on girls'secondary school enrollment numbers over roughly a decade of its existence. The program was targeted to districts with low adult literacy rates, a targeting mechanism that provides an observed, numerical program assignment variable and results in a cutoff value. Recent advances in regression discontinuity designs allow the study to appropriately fit key features of the data. The study finds that the program had positive effects on girls? secondary school enrollment numbers throughout the period and that these effects were stable. This pattern is observed despite a loss of more than 60 percent in the real value of the cash benefit over the period. The findings are consistent with potential behavioral explanations, such as the program making girls' education salient to households or catalyzing a shift in social norms around girls' education.

Suggested Citation

Chhabra, Esha and Najeeb, Fatima and Raju, Dhushyanth, Effects over the Life of a Program: Evidence from an Education Conditional Cash Transfer Program for Girls (December 19, 2019). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 9094. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3507842

Esha Chhabra (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Fatima Najeeb

University of Maryland - College Park ( email )

College Park, MD 20742
United States

Dhushyanth Raju

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
8
Abstract Views
57
PlumX Metrics