The Child Health Impacts of Coal: Evidence from India’s Coal Expansion

51 Pages Posted: 29 Jan 2020

See all articles by Sangita Vyas

Sangita Vyas

University of Texas at Austin - Department of Economics

Date Written: December 28, 2019

Abstract

What are the child health and human capital consequences of India’s large coal power expansion? Using variation in local coal capacity within place across cohorts, I find that exposure to a median-sized coal plant at birth is associated with a 0.1 standard deviation child height deficit. Supporting air pollution as a channel, effects are larger among children living closer to coal plants. Changes in coal capacity do not predict changes in other child observables, or luminosity, which indicates electricity coverage and economic development. Effects are similar for rich and poor, but rich households tend to live closer to coal plants.

Keywords: India, coal, electricity, child height, air pollution

JEL Classification: I15, Q53, Q56

Suggested Citation

Vyas, Sangita, The Child Health Impacts of Coal: Evidence from India’s Coal Expansion (December 28, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3507883 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3507883

Sangita Vyas (Contact Author)

University of Texas at Austin - Department of Economics ( email )

Austin, TX 78712
United States

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