Robustness and the General Dynamic Factor Model With Infinite-Dimensional Space: Identification, Estimation, and Forecasting
33 Pages Posted: 15 Jan 2020 Last revised: 30 Sep 2020
Date Written: September 30, 2020
General dynamic factor models have demonstrated their capacity to circumvent the curse of dimensionality in the analysis of high-dimensional time series and have been successfully considered in many economic and financial applications. Being second-order models, however, they are sensitive to the presence of outliers---an issue that has not been analyzed so far in the general case of dynamic factors with possibly infinite-dimensional factor spaces (Forni et al.~2000, 2015, 2017). In this paper, we consider this robustness issue and study the impact of additive outliers on the identification, estimation, and forecasting performance of general dynamic factor models. Based on our findings, we propose robust versions of identification, estimation and forecasting procedures. The finite-sample performance of our methods is evaluated via Monte Carlo experiments and successfully applied to a classical dataset of 115 US macroeconomic and financial time series.
Keywords: Dimension reduction, Forecast, Jumps, Large panels
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation