The Katie John Litigation: A Continuing Search for Alaska Native Fishing Rights after ANCSA

34 Pages Posted: 17 Jan 2020

See all articles by Robert T. Anderson

Robert T. Anderson

University of Washington School of Law

Date Written: Fall 2019


This essay tells the story of the struggle by upper Ahtna people to protect their way of life and their access to a traditional fishery in modern Alaska. Because of the perseverance of Katie John, Doris Charles, other Ahtna people, and the larger Alaska Native community, their right to fish at a traditional fishing site survives. It is a battle that continues to this day – after nearly thirty-five years of litigation in various forums and in successive related cases that illustrate the complex legal and political issues. The rich history, culture, and modern activism of the Ahtna people motivate the litigation to protect an important local fishery, and along with it, the subsistence fishing rights of all rural Alaska Natives. The latest legal chapter is centered on a peculiar case about a moose hunter, a hovercraft, and the jurisdiction of the National Park Service over navigable waters within the boundaries of Park units. This also is a story that will never end, for population pressures, commercial fishing interests, government indifference, and hostility forever have the potential to diminish or undermine longstanding rights.

Keywords: Alaska Natives, Indians, Native Americans, fishing rights, Indian law, Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA), Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA), subsistence fishing, colonialism, natural resources, public lands, complex litigation

Suggested Citation

Anderson, Robert T., The Katie John Litigation: A Continuing Search for Alaska Native Fishing Rights after ANCSA (Fall 2019). Arizona State Law Journal, Vol. 51, No. 3, Pp. 845-77 (2019), Available at SSRN:

Robert T. Anderson (Contact Author)

University of Washington School of Law ( email )

Seattle, WA
206.685-2861 (Phone)


Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics