The Relationship Between Restrictions on the Deduction of Interest Under Canadian Law and Canadian Tax Treaties
Canadian Tax Journal/Revue fiscale canadienne, 2019, Vol. 67, No. 4, p. 1051-1076
26 Pages Posted: 17 Jan 2020
Date Written: December 27, 2019
The author analyzes the provisions of Canadian tax treaties and those of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and United Nations (UN) model conventions to determine whether they would prevent the application of the restrictions on the deduction of interest under the Canadian Income Tax Act — namely, the thin capitalization rules and rules that deem interest to be dividends. Although the provisions of the model conventions would prevent the application of the Canadian thin capitalization rules, the provisions of Canadian tax treaties have been carefully negotiated to allow the application of those rules. The author also questions whether the provisions of the OECD and UN model conventions should be interpreted to prevent the application of thin capitalization rules, and he concludes that restrictions on the deduction of interest under domestic law should be prevented by the provisions of the model conventions only if those restrictions are discriminatory.
Keywords: Income tax treaties, interest deductibility, non-discrimination rules, debt-to-equity ratio, transfer pricing, OECD and UN model conventions
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation