Local Exposure to School Shootings and Youth Antidepressant Use

40 Pages Posted: 31 Dec 2019

See all articles by Maya Rossin-Slater

Maya Rossin-Slater

Stanford University

Molly Schnell

Northwestern University - Department of Economics

Hannes Schwandt

Northwestern University

Sam Trejo

HEC Paris

Lindsey Uniat

Stanford University

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Abstract

While over 240,000 American students experienced a school shooting in the last two decades, little is known about the impacts of these events on the mental health of surviving youth. Using large-scale prescription data from 2006 to 2015, we examine the effects of 44 school shootings on youth antidepressant use in a difference-in-difference framework. We find that local exposure to fatal school shootings increases youth antidepressant use by 21.4 percent in the following two years. These effects are smaller in areas with a higher density of mental health providers who focus on behavioral, rather than pharmacological, interventions.

Keywords: school shootings, youth mental health, antidepressants

JEL Classification: I18, J13

Suggested Citation

Rossin-Slater, Maya and Schnell, Molly and Schwandt, Hannes and Trejo, Sam and Uniat, Lindsey, Local Exposure to School Shootings and Youth Antidepressant Use. IZA Discussion Paper No. 12837, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3510448 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3510448

Maya Rossin-Slater (Contact Author)

Stanford University ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

Molly Schnell

Northwestern University - Department of Economics ( email )

2003 Sheridan Road
Evanston, IL 60208
United States

Hannes Schwandt

Northwestern University ( email )

2001 Sheridan Road
Evanston, IL 60208
United States

Sam Trejo

HEC Paris ( email )

1 rue de la Liberation
Jouy-en-Josas Cedex, 78351
France

Lindsey Uniat

Stanford University ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

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