Internationalization and English as a Medium of Instruction in Mongolian Higher Education: A New Concept
Journal of Language and Education, 2019, 5(2), 48-66. doi: 10.17323/jle.2019.8481
19 Pages Posted: 16 Jan 2020
Date Written: June 30, 2019
The impact of globalization leaves no choice to universities but to go toward internationalization in order to survive in the growing competition in higher education. Following the global trend of internationalization, Mongolian universities plan to increase courses and programs in English in order to improve their competitiveness and ultimately to become internationally visible, at least in Asia. Based on two types of data, documents and an online survey, this study discusses the current process of internationalization at Mongolian universities and explores how faculty members perceive the rationales of implementing English as a Medium of Instruction (EMI). The findings revealed that the Mongolian government is the key player in internationalization through policies, taking initiatives, and encouraging national universities. The faculty members of the two leading private universities in Mongolia perceived that the introduction of EMI at their universities intends to improve their graduates’ English language skills to operate globally and as well as to promote their university’s international profile.
Keywords: internationalization of higher education, English as a medium of instruction, faculty development, international collaboration, joint/dual degree programs
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