Hybrid Dispute Resolution Beyond the Belt and Road: Toward a New Design of Chinese Arb-Med(-Arb) and Its Global Implications

Weixia Gu, Hybrid Dispute Resolution Beyond the Belt and Road: Toward a New Design of Chinese Arb-Med(-Arb) and Its Global Implications, 29 WASH. INT’L L.J. 117 (2019).

University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2019/121

57 Pages Posted: 21 Jan 2020

See all articles by Weixia Gu

Weixia Gu

University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Law

Date Written: December 23, 2019

Abstract

Arb-med is a form of hybrid dispute resolution that combines an adjudicative approach (arbitration) with a non-adjudicative approach (mediation). Dispute resolution clauses requiring arb-med will assume a popular role in resolving disputes that arise under China’s Belt and Road Initiative. This article argues that China should regulate arb-med in a way to reconcile local practices (mediation) with international expectations (arbitration) in context of the BRI. As an economic bloc proposed by China, the BRI development has the potential to promote dispute resolution means with Chinese characteristics such as arb-med. Global comparative study of leading arbitration jurisdictions in the East and the West shows a heightened awareness of arb-med due process concerns regarding international enforcement of arb-med awards. Most recent reforms on arb-med by leading Chinese arbitration institutions, such as the CIETAC, BAC and SCIA, evidence a trend toward bifurcating the two processes when facing international clients. China is aware of procedural justice in the hybrid dispute resolution. The establishment of the China International Commercial Court (“CICC”), and its creation of the “One-Stop” Platform shows the need to attract foreign parties, in addition to merely Chinese ones, and the pressure to compete in the BRI dispute resolution market. These are the leading factors that drive Chinese regulators to look beyond sociopolitical imperatives and cultural boundaries in promoting arb-med outside of the Belt and Road. As China is anticipated to propel the BRI arbitration system, Chinese arb-med, and its unique process, will remain a fluid area of localized globalism in contrast with globalized localism in China-led BRI dispute resolution development.

Keywords: hybrid dispute resolution, the belt and road, arb-med-arb

JEL Classification: K19, K40, K41

Suggested Citation

Gu, Weixia, Hybrid Dispute Resolution Beyond the Belt and Road: Toward a New Design of Chinese Arb-Med(-Arb) and Its Global Implications (December 23, 2019). Weixia Gu, Hybrid Dispute Resolution Beyond the Belt and Road: Toward a New Design of Chinese Arb-Med(-Arb) and Its Global Implications, 29 WASH. INT’L L.J. 117 (2019). , University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2019/121, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3511882

Weixia Gu (Contact Author)

University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Law ( email )

Pokfulam Road
Hong Kong
China

HOME PAGE: http://hub.hku.hk/rp/rp01249

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