Gender and Climate Change Disclosure: An Inter-Dimensional Policy Approach
Sustainability 2019, 11, 7217; doi:10.3390/su11247217
Posted: 27 Jan 2020
Date Written: December 11, 2019
This paper investigates the impact of corporate boards’ gender diversity on voluntary public disclosure of climate change risks in an emerging economy context in which environmental regulations are weak and markets are ineffective. The investigation relies on data from the CDP (formerly known as the Carbon Disclosure Project) as a corporate sustainability reporting initiative supported by institutional investors, based on a sample of Turkish firms that were invited to disclose their climate change risks and greenhouse gas emissions over the period of 2010–2019 through the CDP platform. We report that the presence of women on board committees, as a proxy for their active involvement in corporate governance, increases the likelihood of voluntary climate change disclosure. We, on the other hand, found no evidence of a positive impact on climate change reporting with women’s overall representation in boards. These findings lend support to board reforms that aim to increase effective representation of women on boards for the better management of sustainability risks and responsiveness to stakeholder demands in countries where legislators are reluctant to introduce climate change reforms.
Keywords: climate change disclosure; boards of directors; corporate governance; gender diversity; controlled firms; emerging economies
JEL Classification: G32; M40;Q01
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation