Information Externalities and Voluntary Disclosure: Evidence from a Major Customer’s Earnings Announcement
The Accounting Review, Forthcoming
52 Pages Posted: 29 Jan 2020
Date Written: January 6, 2020
We examine the relation between information externalities along the supply chain and voluntary disclosure. Information transfers from a major customer’s earnings announcement (EA) can substitute for its supplier’s disclosure. Conversely, if the customer’s EA increases uncertainties regarding the supplier’s future prospects, it can increase the demand for disclosure. After controlling for information incorporated in supplier returns, we find that the supplier is more likely to issue earnings guidance after the customer’s EA when the EA news deviates more from the market’s expectation. The positive effect of the customer’s news on earnings guidance is weaker when common investors, supply-chain analysts, or a common industry allow investors to better understand the value implications of the news, while the effect increases with the importance of the customer to the supplier. The effect is also stronger when the EA news is negative than positive. Collectively, the results suggest that supply-chain relationships influence voluntary disclosure.
Keywords: customer-supplier relationship, supply chain, earnings announcement, information transfers, earnings guidance, voluntary disclosure
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