Determinants of Migration among Rural Youth throughout the World

IFPRI Discussion Paper 1898, 2019

37 Pages Posted: 30 Jan 2020

See all articles by Alan de Brauw

Alan de Brauw

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

Date Written: December 30, 2019


The decision of whether to migrate or not is one of several important decisions made by young men and women throughout the developing world. This paper uses panel data from five countries in Asia and Africa to examine the determinants of rural youth migration across five different countries, indirectly testing both broad and specific hypotheses related to migration. It finds that individual characteristics are more important determinants of migration than household or village characteristics. Further, it finds little evidence that credit constraints or relative deprivation are correlated with migration, holding other things constant. The difference between this result and those found in the literature regarding credit constraints implies credit constraints are geographically concentrated. The paper concludes with a discussion of the implications for migration influenced policy regarding youth, including the need for more and better migration data.

Keywords: youth, migration, deprivation, credit, constraints, rural areas, rural youth

Suggested Citation

de Brauw, Alan, Determinants of Migration among Rural Youth throughout the World (December 30, 2019). IFPRI Discussion Paper 1898, 2019, Available at SSRN:

Alan De Brauw (Contact Author)

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

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