Competitively Elected Women as Policy Makers

78 Pages Posted: 12 Jan 2020

See all articles by Zohal Hessami

Zohal Hessami

University of Konstanz, Department of Economics

Thushyanthan Baskaran

University of Siegen - Department of Economics

Date Written: 2019

Abstract

While still far from parity, female representation in politics has continuously increased over the last two decades worldwide. In light of this development, we analyze whether higher female representation has substantive effects on policy choices using the example of child care – a public good arguably valued by women. We hand-collect micro-data for 224,448 candidates running in the local council elections of 2002, 2008 and 2014 across 1,632 municipalities in the German state of Bavaria. Exploiting an open-list electoral system, we run RDD regressions centered around mixed-gender races for the last council seat that accrues to a party. We find that a female victory in a mixed-gender race accelerates the expansion of public child care provision by 40%. Our main strategy to explore mechanisms uses information from hand-collected minutes of 7,721 monthly council meetings. We show that an additional woman changes "the conversation": female councilors speak up more often and child care is discussed more frequently in the council.

Keywords: female politicians, gender, political selection, child care provision, local councils

JEL Classification: D720, D780, H700, J130, J160

Suggested Citation

Hessami, Zohal and Baskaran, Thushyanthan, Competitively Elected Women as Policy Makers (2019). CESifo Working Paper No. 8005. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3517052

Zohal Hessami

University of Konstanz, Department of Economics ( email )

Box 138
Konstanz, 78457
Germany

Thushyanthan Baskaran

University of Siegen - Department of Economics ( email )

Department of Economics
Hoelderlinstr. 3
Siegen, 57068
Germany

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
44
Abstract Views
352
PlumX Metrics