Accounting Information Systems in the Blockchain Era
35 Pages Posted: 3 Feb 2020
Date Written: January 10, 2020
In this paper we analyse the advantages that the application of blockchain technology brings to accounting information systems (AIS), but also highlight the potential issues with its use. We examine the use of blockchain against the background of the historical evolution of accounting information systems and explain the operational fit of this technology in AIS. We then analyse the pros and cons of the highly probable use of blockchain technology in accounting information systems. For this purpose, we review the relevant contributions on this subject in the accounting academic literature to date and classify them into four categories on the basis of their focus: Governance, transparency and trust; Continuous audit; Smart contracts; and Roles of accountants and auditors. We also analyze the early reactions of the accounting industry and regulators to this new technological environment.
Keywords: Triple-entry accounting, Blockchain, Accounting information system
JEL Classification: M40, M41, M42
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