Trials and Tribulations: Lost Energy Access Gains in Rural India

Energy for Sustainable Development, Forthcoming

50 Pages Posted: 3 Feb 2020

See all articles by Michaël Aklin

Michaël Aklin

University of Pittsburgh - Department of Political Science

Johannes Urpelainen

Johns Hopkins SAIS

Date Written: January 10, 2020

Abstract

Rural electrification has advanced rapidly in many developing countries. Under conditions of poverty and weak infrastructure, however, households face a risk of backsliding. Here we use two rounds from the ACCESS survey of rural households in six northern Indian states to explore factors that drive losses in household electricity access. About 7% of households with electricity in 2015 lost it by 2018. We identify household wealth and off-grid access as major drivers of lost energy access. A standard deviation's increase in a household's wealth index reduces the likelihood of disconnection by 1.5 percentage points. Off-grid households are 8 percentage points more likely to lose access than grid-connected households. These findings underscore the importance of defending realized gains in countries where household electrification is driven by policy while rural poverty remains prevalent.

Keywords: electricity access, reversals, grid electricity, off-grid electricity

JEL Classification: Q4

Suggested Citation

Aklin, Michaël and Urpelainen, Johannes, Trials and Tribulations: Lost Energy Access Gains in Rural India (January 10, 2020). Energy for Sustainable Development, Forthcoming , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3517376

Michaël Aklin (Contact Author)

University of Pittsburgh - Department of Political Science ( email )

4600 Posvar Hall
Pittsburgh, PA 15260
United States

Johannes Urpelainen

Johns Hopkins SAIS ( email )

1740 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20036-1984
United States

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
14
Abstract Views
136
PlumX Metrics