The Future of Work and Employee Job Attitudes and Well-Being
24 Pages Posted: 5 Feb 2020
Date Written: January 12, 2020
Increasing evidence suggests that technological change will have significant effects on the tasks and interactions in the workplace. Although technological change may displace some jobs, it will also affect employees’ experiences of the jobs that remain and the new ones that are created. First, this paper introduces a new measure of technological change at the county-level by drawing upon measures of the growth in the stock of intellectual property (IP) across industries. Second, we use this new measure, together with proprietary data on millions of employees between 2008 and 2018, to investigate the quantitative effects of technological change on employee attitudes about work and well-being. Our results suggest that technological change is associated with robust positive effects on self-efficacy and well-being. While we find the effect is strongest in workplaces with trust, we find that managers who behave more as a boss, rather than a partner, help workers buffer against technological change.
Keywords: Technological change; firm behavior; employee attitudes; managers.
JEL Classification: J23; J24; G41; I31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation