Banking Networks, Systemic Risk, and the Credit Cycle in Emerging Markets
82 Pages Posted: 6 Feb 2020 Last revised: 5 Aug 2022
Date Written: August 5, 2022
We study how globalization impacts systemic risk in emerging markets. We extend a large literature on systemic risk in the US, Europe, and other developed countries to emerging markets, which are relatively under-researched. Our findings are based on a large-scale empirical examination of systemic risk among 1048 financial institutions in a sample of 23 emerging markets, broken down into 5 regions, along with 369 U.S. financial institutions. Using an additively decomposable systemic risk score that combines banking system interconnectedness with default probabilities, systemic risk is quantified for each region, across time. The empirical analyses suggest that emerging markets’ systemic risk is heterogeneous across regions, is strongly dependent on the interconnectedness of the banking system within each region, and drives the level of default risk in each region, while the regions are compartmentalized away from each other and insulated from the United States. The systemic risk score may be used as a policy variable in each emerging market region to manage the credit cycle. Our evidence is consistent with the notion that globalization engenders financial stability and does not lead to large systemic risk spillovers across emerging market regions.
Keywords: systemic risk, network risks, default risk, emerging markets, financial institutions
JEL Classification: G00, G01, G10, G15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation