Citizen Attitudes towards Traditional and State Authorities: Substitutes or Complements?
Forthcoming in Comparative Political Science
56 Pages Posted: 10 Feb 2020
Date Written: November 27, 2018
Do citizens view state and traditional authorities as substitutes or complements? Past work has been divided on this question. Some scholars point to competition between attitudes toward these entities, suggesting substitution, whereas others highlight positive correlations, suggesting complementarity. Addressing this question, however, is difficult, as it requires assessing the effects of exogenous changes in the latent valuation of one authority on an individual’s support for another. We show that this quantity — a type of elasticity — cannot be inferred from correlations between support for the two forms of authority. We employ a structural model to estimate this elasticity of substitution using data from 816 villages in the Democratic Republic of Congo and plausibly exogenous rainfall and conflict shocks. Despite prima facie evidence for substitution logics, our model’s outcomes are consistent with complementarity; positive changes in citizen valuation of the chief appear to translate into positive changes in support for the government.
Keywords: Social Contract, Central authority, Traditional authority, Congo
JEL Classification: D01
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation