Open Science, Open Data and Open Scholarship: European Policies to Make Science Fit for the 21th Century
6 Pages Posted: 27 Mar 2020
Date Written: January 20, 2020
Open science will make science more efﬁcient, reliable, and responsive to societal challenges. The European Commission has sought to advance open science policy from its inception in a holistic and integrated way, covering all aspects of the research cycle from scientiﬁc discovery and review to sharing knowledge, publishing, and outreach. We present the steps taken with a forward-looking perspective on the challenges laying ahead, in particular the necessary change of the rewards and incentives system for researchers (for which various actors are co-responsible and which goes beyond the mandate of the European Commission). Finally, we discuss the role of artiﬁcial intelligence (AI) within an open science perspective.
Keywords: open science, open data, open access, open scholarship, European science policies, artiﬁcial intelligence
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