Guilt, Gender, and Work-Life Balance in Japan: A Choice Experiment

39 Pages Posted: 22 Jan 2020

See all articles by Chie Aoyagi

Chie Aoyagi

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Alistair Munro

National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS); University of London, Royal Holloway College - Department of Economics

Date Written: November 2019

Abstract

The quantification of how aspects of a job are valued by employees sheds light on the potential for labor market reform in Japan. Using a nationwide sample of 1,046 working-age adults, we conduct a choice experiment that examines individuals' willingness to trade wages against job characteristics such as the extent of overtime, job security, the possibility of work transfer and relocation. Our results suggest that: i) workers have high WTP (willingness to pay) to avoid extreme overtime and work transfer, ii) women have higher WTP than men, and iii) higher WTP for women are driven in part by feelings of guilt.

Keywords: Labor market reforms, Minimum wages, Nonmetropolitan areas, Labor supply, Labor productivity, Work-life balance, discrete choice experiment, labor market reform, guilt, Japan, WP, WTP, choice set, job characteristic, work-life, overtime

JEL Classification: J28, D91, C90, E2, J3, E01, O4, D4

Suggested Citation

Aoyagi, Chie and Munro, Alistair, Guilt, Gender, and Work-Life Balance in Japan: A Choice Experiment (November 2019). IMF Working Paper No. 19/261, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3523136

Chie Aoyagi (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Alistair Munro

National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS) ( email )

Tokyo
Japan

HOME PAGE: http://www.grips.ac.jp/

University of London, Royal Holloway College - Department of Economics ( email )

Royal Holloway College
Egham
Surrey, Surrey TW20 0EX
United Kingdom

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