Toward Compatibility of the EU Trade Policy with the General Data Protection Regulation
(2020) 114 AJIL Unbound 10, 10-14, DOI: 10.1017/aju.2019.81
5 Pages Posted: 19 Feb 2020
Date Written: January 06, 2020
The European Union’s (EU) negotiating position on cross-border data flows, which the EU has recently included in its proposal for the World Trade Organization (WTO) talks on e-commerce, not only enshrines the protection of privacy and personal data as fundamental rights, but also creates a broad exception for a Member’s restrictions on cross-border transfers of personal data. This essay argues that maintaining such a strong position in trade negotiations is essential for the EU to preserve the internal compatibility of its legal system when it comes to the right to protection of personal data under the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights (EU Charter) and the recently adopted General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).
Keywords: EU law, human rights, privacy, data protection, GDPR, international public law, WTO law, GATS, free data flow
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