Systeme der Unfallhaftung beim automatisierten Verkehr (Systems of Accident Liability and Automated Traffic)

Zeitschrift für Internationales Wirtschaftsrecht, 6/2018, 259

13 Pages Posted: 17 Mar 2020

See all articles by Julian Pehm

Julian Pehm

Institute for European Tort Law, Austrian Academy of Sciences and University of Graz (ETL)

Date Written: December 1, 2018

Abstract

German Abstract: Als Vorreiter auf dem Gebiet autonomer Systeme steht das automatisierte Fahren längst auch in Europa auf der politischen Agenda. Doch während die Haftungssituation in Deutschland weitgehend geklärt scheint, hat die Diskussion in vielen Ländern gerade erst begonnen. Der Beitrag vergleicht die verschiedenen Haftungssysteme im Bereich des Straßenverkehrs und analysiert die Auswirkungen der technologischen Veränderung. Dabei wird deutlich, wie unterschiedlich die Ausgangslage in Europa mitunter ist. Der Autor beschreibt einige der wichtigsten Herausforderungen und identifiziert in einem abschließenden Ausblick zwei vielversprechende Systeme, die als Modell für weitere Reformen dienen könnten.

English Abstract: Automated driving is currently on the political agenda of the EU, as well as that of many countries worldwide. However, while in Germany the issue of liability risks largely seems to be settled, in many countries the discussion has only just begun. The article sets out to compare the various liability systems currently in place in the field of traffic accidents and analyses the effects of ongoing technological change. From this comparative law perspective, the study reveals some of the legal challenges these jurisdictions are facing with the onset of automated traffic. One of the important findings is that the situation differs considerably across Europe. While countries with a comprehensive strict liability regime (such as Austria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, or Germany) are generally well prepared, in particular those countries which, until now, have exclusively or to a large extent relied on fault-based liability (e.g. the United Kingdom, Belgium, Greece, the Netherlands, Poland, and Spain) will have to find new ways of protecting traffic accident victims. Some countries have already reacted. As an example for such reform, the article thus considers recent UK legislation. In a concluding outlook, the author identifies two promising systems of traffic accident liability which could serve as a model for further reforms in the future.

Note: Downloadable document is in German.

Keywords: tort law, liability, comparative law, private law, automated vehicles, self-driving cars, traffic accidents, insurance, driverless cars

Suggested Citation

Pehm, Julian, Systeme der Unfallhaftung beim automatisierten Verkehr (Systems of Accident Liability and Automated Traffic) (December 1, 2018). Zeitschrift für Internationales Wirtschaftsrecht, 6/2018, 259, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3524415

Julian Pehm (Contact Author)

Institute for European Tort Law, Austrian Academy of Sciences and University of Graz (ETL) ( email )

Reichsratsstrasse 17/2
Vienna, 1010
Austria

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