Addressing Forest Governance and Sustainable Forest Management in Preferential Trade Agreements
21 Pages Posted: 27 Jan 2020
Date Written: January 15, 2020
The inclusion of environmental clauses in Preferential Trade Agreements (PTAs) enables to incorporate specific rules on forest governance and Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) and to promote the implementation of forests-related Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs). This tendency might be interpreted as a potential way to improve the protection of forests since it would contribute to strengthening the international forest regime, particularly through the definition of new commitments linked to bilateral cooperation, and the possibility of applying trade sanctions for non-compliance. Some recent requests to the Peruvian Government in the frame of the US – Peru PTA indicate that further developments might be expected in terms of sustainable development and environmental protection. Since the European Union and the United States are the parties with the highest number of these types of rules in PTAs, this paper analyses how they have addressed Sustainable Forest Management and forest governance issues in their PTAs.
Keywords: Preferential Trade Agreements, Sustainable Forest Management, Forest Governance, Multilateral Environmental Agreements, Enforcement
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