Gender Promotion Gaps: Career Aspirations and Workplace Discrimination

66 Pages Posted: 29 Jan 2020 Last revised: 14 May 2021

See all articles by Ghazala Azmat

Ghazala Azmat

Sciences Po

Vicente Cuñat

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Financial Markets Group; The London School of Economics

Emeric Henry

Sciences Po

Date Written: January 2020

Abstract

Using a representative survey of U.S. lawyers, we document a sizeable gender gap in early partnership aspirations, which explains half of the later gender promotion gap. We propose a model to understand aspirations and then empirically test it. We show that aspirations induce greater effort and increase regret if a promotion is not obtained. Furthermore, aspirations are linked to fertility choices and workplace experiences (mentoring and discrimination). Facing harassment or demeaning comments at an early career stage affects later promotion, mediated via a change in aspirations. We highlight that measuring aspirations, and understanding how they are formed, is key to explaining gender career gaps.

JEL Classification: J16, J44, K40, M51

Suggested Citation

Azmat, Ghazala and Cuñat, Vicente and Cuñat, Vicente and Henry, Emeric, Gender Promotion Gaps: Career Aspirations and Workplace Discrimination (January 2020). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP14311, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3526035

Ghazala Azmat (Contact Author)

Sciences Po ( email )

27 rue Saint-Guillaume
Paris Cedex 07, 75337
France

Vicente Cuñat

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Financial Markets Group ( email )

Houghton Street
London WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.vicentecunat.com

The London School of Economics ( email )

United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://www.vicentecunat.com

Emeric Henry

Sciences Po ( email )

27 rue Saint-Guillaume
Paris Cedex 07, 75337
France

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