How Director Remuneration Impacts Firm Performance: An Empirical Analysis of Executive Director Remuneration in Pakistan
Borsa Istanbul Review, Vol 19(2), 186-196, 2019
11 Pages Posted: 28 Feb 2020
Date Written: August 15, 2019
This study empirically investigates the interrelationship between pay and performance of CEOs/board of directors in an emerging market, Pakistan. The study uses GMM approach to account for the problem of potential endogeneity and unobserved heterogeneity that arises due to the potential reverse causality (pay and performance) for a sample of non-financial firms listed in the KSE over the period of 2009e2016. This study provides evidence that the pay-performance framework supports the agency theory whereby CEOs/board of directors are compensated for their prior level of market-based performance. In addition, it weakly supports the notion of the steward/tournament theory. Thus, CEOs/board director's remuneration is highly persistent and takes time to adjust to long-run equilibrium.
Keywords: Executive Remuneration; Firm Performance; Corporate Governance; Emerging Market; GMM
JEL Classification: G30; M12; P17; C39
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation