Leather Processing, Its Effects on Environment and Alternatives of Chrome Tanning

International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology (IJARET), 10 (6), 2019, pp 69-79

11 Pages Posted: 25 Feb 2020

See all articles by Karanam Sai Bhavya

Karanam Sai Bhavya

Department of Biotechnology, School of Bio and Chemical Engineering, Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Jeppiaar Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Raji P

Department of Biotechnology, School of Bio and Chemical Engineering, Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Jeppiaar Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Jenifer Selvarani A

Department of Biotechnology, School of Bio and Chemical Engineering, Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Jeppiaar Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Antony V Samrot

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, MAHSA University, Jenjarom, Selangor 42610, Malaysia

Pazhayakath Thevarkattil Mohamed Javad

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, MAHSA University, Jenjarom, Selangor 42610, Malaysia

Appalaraju, V.V.S.S

Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, MAHSA University, Jalan SP2, Bandar Saujana Putra, 42610 Jenjarom, Selangor, Malaysia

Date Written: 2019

Abstract

There are several processes involved in leather making, one of the process is tanning. In tanning process, higher concentration of chromium is commonly used. Whereas chromium is regarded as one of the toxic heavy metal. The disposal of these chromium effluent into water bodies is known to cause various ill effects. To replace that, vegetable tanning can be practiced, where the method is easy as well as eco friendly. In this review, we have dealt about various procedures in leather processing especially chrome tanning and health hazards caused by chromium. Also added a note on vegetable tanning using tannins to replace the chrome tanning for making better environment.

Keywords: Tanning; chromium; tannins

Suggested Citation

Sai Bhavya, Karanam and P, Raji and Selvarani A, Jenifer and V Samrot, Antony and Mohamed Javad, Pazhayakath Thevarkattil and V.V.S.S, Appalaraju,, Leather Processing, Its Effects on Environment and Alternatives of Chrome Tanning (2019). International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering and Technology (IJARET), 10 (6), 2019, pp 69-79, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3527244

Karanam Sai Bhavya

Department of Biotechnology, School of Bio and Chemical Engineering, Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Jeppiaar Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India ( email )

Chennai
India

Raji P

Department of Biotechnology, School of Bio and Chemical Engineering, Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Jeppiaar Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India ( email )

Chennai
India

Jenifer Selvarani A

Department of Biotechnology, School of Bio and Chemical Engineering, Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology, Jeppiaar Nagar, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India ( email )

Chennai
India

Antony V Samrot (Contact Author)

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, MAHSA University, Jenjarom, Selangor 42610, Malaysia ( email )

Jenjarom,
Selangor, 42210
Malaysia

Pazhayakath Thevarkattil Mohamed Javad

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, MAHSA University, Jenjarom, Selangor 42610, Malaysia ( email )

Jenjarom,
Selangor, 42210
Malaysia

Appalaraju, V.V.S.S

Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, MAHSA University, Jalan SP2, Bandar Saujana Putra, 42610 Jenjarom, Selangor, Malaysia ( email )

Jenjarom,
Selangor, 42210
Malaysia

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