PERBANDINGAN HUKUM FATWA HALAL DI BEBERAPA NEGARA : KAJIAN YURIDIS FATWA HALAL MUI DAN FATWA HALAL DARI LEMBAGA LAIN DI LUAR NEGERI (Comparative Law of Halal Fatwa Among Several Countries: The Juridical Study of Mui Halal Fatwa With a Halal Fatwa From Other Countries)

Prosiding Konferensi Nasional “Perbandingan Hukum dan Perkembangan Sistem Hukum : Konvergensi atau Divergensi?”, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 20 - 21 Juli 2017.

25 Pages Posted: 30 Mar 2020 Last revised: 15 Apr 2020

See all articles by Zaka Firma Aditya

Zaka Firma Aditya

Center for Research and Case Analysis, the Constitutional Court of Indonesia

Sholahuddin Al-Fatih

Airlangga University

Date Written: July 20, 2017

Abstract

Indonesian Abstract: Konsumen memiliki hak untuk mengetahui kehalalan suatu produk. Sementara itu, pemerintah berkewajiban menyediakan sertifikasi halal terhadap sebuah produk. Beberapa saat yang lalu, muncul sebuah brand hijab yang memberikan label halal pada beberapa produknya. Permasalahan tersebut akhirnya memunculkan beragam pertanyaan, misalnya apakah produk yang tidak bersertifkasi halal berarti haram, atau jenis produk seperti apa yang wajib mendapatkan sertifikasi halal. Di Indonesia, fatwa halal atas sebuah produk dikeluarkan oleh Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI). Sedangkan di beberapa negara lain, fatwa halal di keluarkan oleh lembaga yang berbeda-beda. MUI telah memantau fatwa halal yang dikeluarkan oleh beberapa lembaga di luar negeri. Bahkan, MUI telah mengakui keabsahan 7 lembaga pemberi fatwa halal di Singapura, Malaysia, Brunei Darussalam, Filipina, Thailand, Jepang, Taiwan dan India. Dalam tulisan ini akan dibahas mendalam mengenai dua permasalahan, yaitu: (1) kedudukan hukum serta pra syarat bagi sebuah lembaga pemberi fatwa halal; dan (2) kedudukan lembaga pemberi fatwa halal tersebut dalam sistem pemerintahan di negara masing-masing.

English Abstract: The consumer has the right to know the halal of a product. Meanwhile, the government is obliged to provide halal certification of a product. A few moments ago, there appeared a brand of hijab that gave a halal label on some of its products. The problem finally raises a variety of questions, such as whether a product that does not have halal certification means haram or what kinds of products are required to get halal certification. In Indonesia, a halal fatwa on a product is issued by the Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI). While in some other countries, a halal fatwa issued by different institutions. MUI has been monitoring the halal fatwa issued by several institutions abroad. In fact, the MUI has acknowledged the legitimacy of 7 halal fatwa institutions in Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei Darussalam, the Philippines, Thailand, Japan, Taiwan, and India. In this paper will be discussed deeply on two issues, namely: (1) legal status and pre-requisite for an institution giving kosher fatwa; And (2) the position of the lawful fatwa institution in the system of government in each country.

Note: Downloadable document is in Indonesian.

Keywords: Comparative Law, Halal Fatwa, MUI

Suggested Citation

Firma Aditya, Zaka and Al-Fatih, Sholahuddin, PERBANDINGAN HUKUM FATWA HALAL DI BEBERAPA NEGARA : KAJIAN YURIDIS FATWA HALAL MUI DAN FATWA HALAL DARI LEMBAGA LAIN DI LUAR NEGERI (Comparative Law of Halal Fatwa Among Several Countries: The Juridical Study of Mui Halal Fatwa With a Halal Fatwa From Other Countries) (July 20, 2017). Prosiding Konferensi Nasional “Perbandingan Hukum dan Perkembangan Sistem Hukum : Konvergensi atau Divergensi?”, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia, 20 - 21 Juli 2017., Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3527950

Zaka Firma Aditya (Contact Author)

Center for Research and Case Analysis, the Constitutional Court of Indonesia ( email )

Jalan Medan Merdeka Barat No. 6
Jakarta Pusat, DKI Jakarta 10110
Indonesia

Sholahuddin Al-Fatih

Airlangga University ( email )

Jl. Darmawangsa Dalam 2
Surabaya, 60286
Indonesia

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