Teachers’ Monitoring and Schools’ Performance: Evidence from Public Schools in Pakistan

43 Pages Posted: 31 Jan 2020

See all articles by Hee-Seung Yang

Hee-Seung Yang

KDI School of Public Policy and Management

Booyuel Kim

KDI School of Public Policy and Management

Inayat Ullah

COMSATS University Islamabad

Date Written: January 30, 2020

Abstract

This paper evaluates the impact of an innovative monitoring system on teacher attendance and school performance in Pakistan. In 2014, the government in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province introduced the Independent Monitoring Project aiming at increasing teacher attendance in primary and secondary public schools by distributing to the government-hired monitors smart phones with a special data collection software installed. Our analysis is based on a difference-in-differences approach using the country wide Annual Status of Education Report from 2012 to 2016. Our findings suggest that monitoring of government schools has increased teacher attendance by 7.5 percentage points in the first year of intervention. But the positive effect wears off to 2.7 percentage points in the second year. Child attendance and test scores also increased in the first year, but in the second year they disappeared. Especially, in the first year, the monitoring system improved students’ math, reading, and English test scores by 0.13, 0.14, and 0.15 standard deviation, respectively, if they are grades 1-5. This result suggests that teacher attendance has an important role in delivering better student outcomes, but that monitoring should be coupled with appropriate incentive mechanism in order to have a lasting impact.

Suggested Citation

Yang, Hee-Seung and Kim, Booyuel and Ullah, Inayat, Teachers’ Monitoring and Schools’ Performance: Evidence from Public Schools in Pakistan (January 30, 2020). KDI School of Pub Policy & Management Paper No. 20-02, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3527951 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3527951

Hee-Seung Yang (Contact Author)

KDI School of Public Policy and Management ( email )

P.O. Box 184
Seoul, 130-868
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Booyuel Kim

KDI School of Public Policy and Management ( email )

P.O. Box 184
Seoul, 130-868
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Inayat Ullah

COMSATS University Islamabad ( email )

COMSATS University Islamabad
Islamabad, 44000

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