Cyber Resilience of Autonomous Mobility Systems: Cyber Attacks and Resilience-Enhancing Strategies

24 Pages Posted: 31 Jan 2020 Last revised: 1 Feb 2020

See all articles by Bo Zou

Bo Zou

University of Illinois at Chicago

Pooria Choobchian

University of Illinois at Chicago

Julie Rozenberg

World Bank

Date Written: January 30, 2020

Abstract

The increasing cyber connectivity of vehicles and between vehicles and infrastructure will drastically reshape mobility in the coming decades. Although the advent of connected mobility is expected to benefit travelers and society by smoothing traffic, improving rider convenience, and reducing accidents, the augmented cyber components in connected and autonomous vehicles and related infrastructure also give rise to cyber attacks on the transportation system. Yet, little attention has been paid to transportation cyber resilience. This paper thus proposes an investigation on this topic with a comprehensive literature review. Cyber components and plausible autonomous mobility systems operation scenarios are discussed, before identifying possible cyber attacks to autonomous mobility systems at the vehicle and system levels. The discussion then moves to existing practices to enhance cybersecurity, and several strategies are investigated toward enhancing autonomous mobility system cyber resilience. At the vehicle level, creating layers and separation to reduce cyber component connectivity and deploying an independent procedure for data collection and processing are important in vehicle design and manufacturing. At the system level, recommended strategies include keeping redundancy in transportation capacity, maintaining a separate road network, and deploying different sub-autonomous mobility systems.

Suggested Citation

Zou, Bo and Choobchian, Pooria and Rozenberg, Julie, Cyber Resilience of Autonomous Mobility Systems: Cyber Attacks and Resilience-Enhancing Strategies (January 30, 2020). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 9135. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3528860

Bo Zou (Contact Author)

University of Illinois at Chicago ( email )

1200 W Harrison St
Chicago, IL 60607
United States

HOME PAGE: http://translog.uic.edu

Pooria Choobchian

University of Illinois at Chicago ( email )

1200 W Harrison St
Chicago, IL 60607
United States

Julie Rozenberg

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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