The Purview of Extraction & Economic Suitability of Biofuel by Water Hyacinth (Eicchornia Crassipes) in Rajasthan in India
5 Pages Posted: 3 Feb 2020
Date Written: February 12, 2019
The power crisis is a considerable bottleneck in the delivery of power assets to an economy. Renewable biofuels are the best substitute to tackle the power crisis due to scarcity of fossil fuels. As the search for alternatives to fossil fuel intensifies in this age of modernization and industrialization, fueled by increasing energy costs, water hyacinth holds a sturdy promise in the 21st century biofuel industry. The LODHA Pond, city Banswara and PICHOLA Lake Udaipur are the major wetland in the Rajasthan state in INDIA, with the potential for production of large quantities of biomass of aquatic floating species, especially water hyacinth (Eicchornia crassipes and E. azurea), during the aquatic phase of the flood-pulse characteristic for this ecosystem. The biofuel from the non aquatic plant like water hyacinth will be used for the different uses and this will not produce and adverse effect to the any ecosystem of natural resources. The extraction of biofuel from water hyacinth is a very economical process because of the lesser cost of raw material & its easy availability. Ethanol is produced from water hyacinth, an aquatic weed plant, comprising of good quantity of cellulose, hemi cellulose, lignin which increases the extraction rate of biofuel from it. Even after extraction of biofuels from water hyacinth, wastes are also utilized for the production of paper making in paper industries. This emerging biofuels based economy in the Rajasthan state in INDIA can be a good example of to human adaption to climate changes by managing carbon export of natural wetlands.
Keywords: Aquatic Biomass; Bioenergy; Climate Changes; Second-Generation-Bio-Fuel; Renewability
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