Role of Space Technologies in Disaster Risk Management: Lessons for Pakistan
21 Pages Posted:
Date Written: January 25, 2020
A growing population and increasing environmental challenges have posed a massive threat to the Earth and its resources. With the world facing a plethora of new global challenges, conventional methods and technology is seemingly outdated for the task. This urges one to look for a new approach; one that not only has a hands-on approach but provides preventative measures to manage such risks. Consequently, in order to achieve such earthly objectives, space technology can provide critical knowledge and contribute to profitable innovations that will assist in an extensive understanding of the current and possible global challenges. This paper will give a holistic understanding of the applications of space technology in the contemporary world; by providing a cost-benefit analysis of its implications. Furthermore, it aims to assess the functional aspects of space technology; while simultaneously weighing the effectiveness, success and productivity of space-based tech and operations. Most importantly, it aims to extract lessons from the international community in operating space technology for disaster risk management. It examines case studies for countries like the United States, China and India who have progressed in this domain. In comparison, it explores the contemporary usage and position that Pakistan acquires in the discipline of space technology. It intends to examine the role of SUPARCO, SAARC, NDMA and PDMA with regards to risk management in Pakistan. The key objective of this paper is to propose practical solutions to Pakistan for the implementation of space technology, which can help reduce the risks of disasters. Keeping in view Pakistan’s current budget deficits, this paper determines whether the state should take a collaborative action with the coalition of other countries or an indigenous approach for its space program initiation.
Keywords: Global, challenges, space, technology, disaster
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