Death Penalty or Victim Centric Justice System?

9 Pages Posted: 2 Mar 2020

Date Written: February 3, 2020


For past few days, since the Supreme Court has awarded death penalty to four convicts, the media headlines are screaming for the blood of rapists who brutally gang-raped Nirbhaya or Jyoti Singh on 16th December 2012. Heated discussions are going on regarding the execution of convicts where several experts and activists argue against death penalty, while there are those who are in favour of it. However, what is ignored in this intensive debate is the fact that it is essential to ensure the certainty of punishment rather than stressing on the severity of punishment. Secondly, this debate divert attention from the plight of victims, survivors and their families who are the crux of the criminal justice system. This essay suggests that the need is to focus on the victim-centric approach. Making violent men accountable for their criminal action, guaranteeing fast track quality hearing, having proper witness and victim protection programs in place, identifying rights of victims, rehabilitation and safety plans for victims of violence and above all eliminating rape culture are some of the measures that are required to ensure that justice is done effectively and efficiently.

Keywords: death penalty, justice, victim, execution, nirbhaya

Suggested Citation

Nigam, Shalu, Death Penalty or Victim Centric Justice System? (February 3, 2020). Available at SSRN: or

Shalu Nigam (Contact Author)

Independent ( email )

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